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Q&A with a living legend of card magic: Magician Harry Lorayne
Harry Lorayne is of course well known to members of this forum, and is highly respected for his expertise with playing cards and card magic.
To get an idea of his superb showmanship and skills with cards, here you can see a younger Harry Lorayne perform his ever popular "Magician Versus Gambler" routine on his Best Ever video series:
Harry Lorayne on Playing Cards
I have corresponded with Harry Lorayne several times in the past, and he always proved to be a real gentleman in answering my inquiries enthusiastically and at length. Given his extensive experience in the world of card magic across multiple decades, I thought that he would be the ideal person to ask some questions about playing cards, and get his thoughts. Particularly since he has the benefit of a long career in card magic, he is well placed to comment on how playing cards have changed over the years.
So without further ado, I give you ... a living legend of magic, Mr Harry Lorayne!
What kind of playing cards did you first use when you started magic? The cheapest deck I could find. Because that's the truth; I had no money - poorest kid on the block. (My parents were professional poor people!) I'd use the same deck for months - until sweat and dirt made it twice the normal thickness! Most of my young life, when I was using my own decks, and when I could afford it, Tally-Ho was the deck I always bought and used. Can you tell us the story about your first deck of playing cards? Wish I could remember the very first decks I used when I first got into card magic - at about age 11. I was the shyest kid ever - I mean to the point of sickness - too shy to raise my hand in school when needed to use the bathroom - you can see the end result there! I saw a card trick when I was about 11 years old - and that changed my life. My thinking was, "Oh, if only I could do that!" I was too shy to ask the person to tell me how it was done - not realizing that he wouldn't tell me, anyway. I stole empty milk bottles from in front of apartments in the tenement in which I lived in the ghetto of the Lower East Side of Manhattan, NYC. Got two cents deposit each when brought to the grocery store. I needed 18 cents - which is what a deck of cards cost then - so that I could try to work out that trick I'd seen. Wish I could tell you the brand of that deck of cards - have no idea. Didn't matter to me at all. Anyway, I worked out a few methods for accomplishing the card trick I'd seen. One or two of the methods, I realized later, were better than the one I'd seen. Anyway, that started it all for me - that changed my life. It helped to take me out of that "cage of shyness" (yeah, I know - I've over-compensated!). In your early years, was there any reason for your choice of Tally-Ho decks? At the beginning, because money (which I had very little of) was more important than brand, I never thought of the "make" or brand of a deck - what I thought about was the "cost" of the deck. Cheapest is what I bought/used. I don't know - perhaps that was a good thing ... I paid no attention to the cards themselves, my attention was always on the effects or routines I wanted to do, and the presentation of same. Who knows? We're talking about 80/79/78... years ago --- maybe I made my choices and presentations of same according to the quality of the cards. Although I doubt it. I liked using Tally-Ho cards for a while - when I also had access to the cardcase for a Henry Christ effect I liked where the words on that cardcase were spelled. I eventually changed that so that the concept could apply to any deck, and no cardcase was even needed.
[NB: see "No Cardcase Tally-Ho Extended" in his book
What were those first Tally-Ho decks like, and how do they compare to the Bicycle decks produced today? How does the handling of modern decks compare with the handling of those decks you used when you started in magic? I honestly have no answer for this. I simply never paid any attention at all to the cards themselves when I started my "life in card magic." To me, "cards were cards." I do remember doing spreads, fans, etc., with any deck - well, with almost any deck. And most of the tricks that I learned/devised in those childhood years were automatically/naturally geared to the kinds of decks of cards I was accustomed to - at the time. I simply never thought otherwise - I guess 'cause I didn't know better! Which I also guess ended up being a good thing. What kind of playing cards did you use when you were performing? I haven't used my own deck when performing for a lay audience for three or more decades - I use only borrowed decks. Even when I was about 19 years old and doing table magic at Billy Reed's Little Club in NYC --- I did, of course, have to use my own deck when "working"/approaching tables there --- but when I was asked to appear at someone's party or gathering, when we made the arrangements - my fee, etc. - part of it was - I insisted that the person have two decks of cards there, one red backed the other blue backed. And - when I was introduced, he had to tell the audience that those where his decks, not mine. I realized way back then that using my own deck lost anywhere up to 20 percent of the effectiveness of the effect/routine. (At least for the kind of stuff I did/do. The only possible solution in the layman's mind - "Oh; it's gotta' be a trick deck!") I'm often asked - "But what if people you're visiting want you to do 'something' but they don't have a deck?" Well first of all - people I'm visiting know who/what I am - so usually they do have a deck available. And, if not, so many times someone would run out to buy one. And if none of the above they just would have to wait until "next time" when they'd be sure to have a deck available. (And, if I felt like it, I'd do a couple or three coin things for them!) Did you ever use a custom deck of playing cards when performing magic? If you are using your own deck you sure don't want to use one with an unfamiliar (to your audience) back design. Current "custom" decks may be very good, but even if I did use my own decks when performing for laymen, I'd never use anything but a familiar brand - like Tally-Ho or Bicycle. Anything "unfamiliar" would smack of "trick deck" to the layman. In my opinion, how could it be otherwise when doing the kind of card "miracles" that I do and teach. I have my own deck when with other magicians - and I have decks that have accumulated in a drawer for a decade or two. People giving me decks, etc. So those are the ones I carry when I do carry - so I'm really entirely ignorant regarding current decks. Why was using borrowed decks for performing card magic so important to you? It's just plain obvious to me - you want to eliminate ANY thoughts in the minds of your audience members of a "not normal" deck. And the most definite way to do that is with THEIR deck. Why lose effectiveness when you don't have to? When I'd talk about using only borrowed decks to some magicians, at lectures, etc., I'd often get this sort of response - "No, no, it doesn't matter, because when I'm finished performing I give the deck to one of the people in my audience." And my response is - the truth - decades ago, when still using my own deck, I would do just that, and the response I usually got was - "Hey, I'm not a magician, I have no idea how to find the trick in this deck." So, for me anyway, giving someone the deck I used did not "solve the problem" of - "It's gotta' be a trick deck." Because that is the only "solution" the lay person could think of - or wanted to think of - they didn't want to believe that you could do some of the things you did with a "regular" deck - had to be a trick deck. The ONLY way to prove that you're using a regular deck is to use THEIR deck! Wouldn't borrowed decks sometimes handle poorly, and even make certain sleights difficult? Any deck "works" for me - there are just some things I don't do because of the condition of a deck that's handed to me. Not a problem - I sure have/know enough material so that it's okay to not perform certain things. Most of the "important to me" items of mine can be done with any deck. For example, I can open with my HaLo Aces using any deck, in any condition - and I usually follow up with anywhere up to four or five (sometimes more) four-ace effects that I can do with any borrowed deck. It changed my "repertoire" a bit. It is difficult, for example, to do a perfect faro with most borrowed decks. So, aside from the fact that currently my arthritic fingers make it difficult to do a perfect faro anyway, I mainly stopped using perfect faros because of borrowed-deck conditions. And, as I've written in my last couple of books - that quite often changed the effect I wanted to do, made it easier to do, and even ended up making some of them much better - or different enough to be "new"! (My first One-Man Parade in the Linking Ring magazine - March, 1964! - consisted of 19 routines all using perfect faros! But that's over half a century ago!) Not using my own deck makes it unnecessary to ever have a card signed. Not necessary to prove anything with a borrowed deck. And, can't use crimps - certainly not crimps that would "remain" in a card or cards. In either case, you can't or don’t want to do that with someone else's deck. What do you think are the essential qualities of a good deck of playing cards? The kind of decks I dislike mostly are those that do not have white margins - so I don't like Bee decks. Because any effect wherein one card is secretly reversed in the deck - a no-white-margin card would/could standout (when you didn't want it to) like a sore thumb. You couldn't spread or fan the deck face up (or even face down), etc. I've always felt that it's more important to give my attention to presentation than to worry about things like that. Although if I gotta', I gotta'. And, as I use as patter in one or two of my routines, cards are different in different parts of the world - different weights, textures, sizes, thicknesses, etc. My point is - that I never gave much thought to the "differences" - I just did what I always did, after handling the deck for a bit. The point, as I've mentioned, is the specific concentration on the performance/effect/routine, not the deck. Do you use playing cards for anything other than card magic? I've played cards with people who know me, close friends like Johnny Carson, Mel Brooks, Carl Reiner, Bob Fosse, Anne Bancroft, Stephen Sondheim, ex-mayor of NYC Mike Bloomberg, and on and on, but never with MY deck. And I'd always hear - "If you touch that deck we'll kill you!!" That concludes our question and answer session with Mr Harry Lorayne, but let's give him the opportunity to have one more contribution, by sharing a video clip from his 2016 Jaw Droppers lecture, where Harry at age 90 demonstrates his remarkable skill with card magic and his wonderful showmanship, by performing his stunning "Numero Uno" trick: Final Thoughts
A huge thank you to Mr Harry Lorayne for kindly agreeing to do this interview, and to share these thoughts. He proves that it is possible to be successful with card magic with almost any deck of cards, and that what really counts is your skills in magic, and in his case, having a rare ability to entertain like few others. His perspective is also fascinating, because it highlights how magic is constantly evolving, and that is true of the playing cards used for card magic as well. Mr Lorayne had a personal love for impromptu magic with a borrowed deck of cards, and thus often had to make do with less than optimal quality. He also had to rise above the circumstances of a difficult and poor childhood, in which he had little option but to make the most of whatever cheap deck of cards he could get his hands on.
In comparison, we live in a different time today, where most of us are spoiled for riches and for choice. Advances in technology and printing processes mean that the quality of playing cards is at an unparalleled level. Cards today are produced with embossed finishes and coatings that give them smooth and consistent handling like never before. The rapid rise of the custom playing card industry also means we are able to get our hands on creative and colourful playing cards that magicians of yesteryear could only dream about. The impact of crowdfunding is significant here, because it means that over the last half a dozen years, the production of playing cards is no longer limited to the big players in the industry, and as a result, the market is increasingly being flooded with custom playing cards, often at an affordable cost.
The impact of all this on the magic profession is slowly becoming apparent. While previously there was an unwritten rule that using a non-standard deck of playing cards would arouse suspicion that it was a trick deck, that is no longer the case. As is evident from many online videos and trailers, it is becoming more acceptable and even normal for both professional and amateur magicians to use custom decks of playing cards for card magic. A deck of cards in the hand of a magician does have unique requirements, so the degree of customization cannot be too significant, because the cards must remain functional and easily recognizable. But the general public is becoming more accustomed to see a non-traditional deck used for card magic.
All this is good news for everyone. It is good news for creators of custom playing cards, because they know there is a ready market waiting to buy their products. And it is good news for consumers of playing cards, which is most of us. We are living in an amazing time, where we have the luxury of being able to own and use a wide range of playing cards that handle superbly and look great at the same time. All that is left is for me to find a way to channel some of Mr Harry Lorayne's charisma and abilities with cards, and improve my own card magic!
Tally-Ho Playing Cards
Tally-Ho playing cards were first introduced in 1885, are still produced by the United States Playing Card Company today, remaining a popular favourite for good reason. If you would like to use some of the same branded cards that Mr Harry Lorayne started with, and were his deck of choice for the early part of his magic career, check out the
at PlayingCardDecks. Today these come in an assortment of colours and styles, although the two classic colours are red and blue, just like classical Bicycle Rider Back cards. Tally-Ho cards offer two choices of back design, the circle-back and the fan-back.
Author's note: I first published this article at PlayingCardDecks.com here. __________________ BoardGameGeek reviewer EndersGame - c lick here to see all my pictorial reviews: ► Playing Card Reviews ► Magic Reviews ► Board Game Reviews
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I'd almost "forgotten" this interview! Richard Kaufman's quote (which is on this review at another place) gave me my laugh of the day, besides bringing back some good memories. Here it is:
"I spent many hundreds of hours with Harry in his townhouse in the West Village in New York. The piece of crap deck he had on his desk for years was a bridge-sized deck, all bent up, with tape and even a bandaid holding the cards together. He really didn't give a crap what kind of cards he used."
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Originally Posted by
Harry Lorayne I'd almost "forgotten" this interview! I can recommend some excellent books about memory which might help with that Mr Lorayne! [smile] __________________ BoardGameGeek reviewer EndersGame - c lick here to see all my pictorial reviews: ► Playing Card Reviews ► Magic Reviews ► Board Game Reviews
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The opening of this interview that appeared some places isn't here - so, I'll feed my ego a bit (please forgive) and see if I can copy/paste it here: (Just nice to get a pat on the back every once in a while.)
Q&A with a living legend of card magic: Magician Harry Lorayne Who is Harry Lorayne? A brief biography American magician Harry Lorayne is a living legend of magic. Born in 1926, he recently turned 92 years old, and has outlasted nearly all of his contemporaries. Anyone somewhat familiar with the history of magic and with the biggest names of card magic from the second half of the 20th century, will certainly recognize Mr Lorayne's name and be aware of his work. He has sold more than 17 million copies of over 40 books, including a large number of classic works on card magic. He was one of the top showmen and entertainers of his time. Few magicians will ever be as legendary as Harry Lorayne. To get an idea of how highly Harry Lorayne is regarded, see a compilation of video greetings here from magicians/entertainers worldwide on the occasion of his 90th birthday in 2016. The list includes a who's who of famous magicians, including big names like David Copperfield, David Blaine, Dynamo, Penn & Teller, Max Maven, and Michael Ammar. Remarkably, Harry Lorayne is still adept with his card magic, and on the occasion of his 90th birthday he delivered a fantastic lecture where he performed and explained some of his favourite card routines (details about how to access this lecture can be found here). He is still producing new material, the most recent title being Jaw Droppers Two (2017), and is currently working on yet another book about card magic, And Finally!, which is planned for release later this year. Harry Lorayne's memory training Harry Lorayne is also well known as a memory training specialist, and is considered by many the world's foremost expert in memory training. I have personally benefited enormously from using his techniques, which I first learned as a teenager from The Memory Book. Even the basic memorization concepts he teaches proved very helpful to me throughout my education, and I still use them today. Using the memory techniques that he taught in books and seminars, Harry Lorayne would perform remarkable demonstrations of memory for large audiences. He was especially known for being introduced to large audiences of as many as 1000 people or more, and being able to recall the names of every single person present. He appeared on national television on many occasions, including regular performances on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. You can see a clip of a 1988 appearance on the show here and a remarkable memory demonstration on another TV show in 1958 here. Harry Lorayne's card magic But of particular interest to us is his involvement with card magic, which of course involves playing cards. Harry Lorayne emerged from a difficult childhood with a real interest in and love for card magic, and while enormously successful in the area of memory training, his first love was card magic. Combined with his natural talent as a showman, and a genuine ability to entertain and also to teach, as well as to create and innovate, he quickly became one of the leading names of his time. Mr Lorayne is highly regarded in the world of card magic not just for the tremendous entertainment he provided to thousands of audiences across the world, but especially for his contributions in creating and teaching magic. He had an enormous capacity to write, and in the course of his life, became the prolific author of many influential books on both memorization techniques and card magic, with more than 20 books on the latter subject alone. He is a very clear writer, with a remarkable ability to explain things in words like very few others can. And along with that, he is also a thinker and creator, and is constantly coming up with new ideas, and with new ways to improve old routines, even at the ripe old age of 90 plus. His book on magic for beginners, The Magic Book (1977), and his first work on card magic, Close-Up Card Magic (1962), continue to be included by many magicians in their lists of all-time favourite books on magic, and are often regarded as his most influential and best works. To get an idea of his superb showmanship and skills with cards, here you can see a younger Harry Lorayne perform his ever popular "Magician Versus Gambler" routine on his Best Ever video series:
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Ender, great stuff as always!!
Your writing is robust and level headed as usual. As I read it, I felt I was in a quiet room (more likely a loud delicatessen!!) having a bite to eat with you and Harry! Pass me the mustard ... I want to read the article again! Mike
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Originally Posted by
Harry Lorayne I'd almost "forgotten" this interview! Richard Kaufman's quote (which is on this review at another place) gave me my laugh of the day, besides bringing back some good memories. Here it is: "I spent many hundreds of hours with Harry in his townhouse in the West Village in New York. The piece of crap deck he had on his desk for years was a bridge-sized deck, all bent up, with tape and even a bandaid holding the cards together. He really didn't give a crap what kind of cards he used." I just love playing cards; the look, the feel, the inherent mystique. And I’ve got quite a few, decks of all colors and designs. Some I consider works of art and don’t even use. Others are very suited to sleights and look cool too. NOC, Crown, Choice, Orbit, all great cards. I think I have every deck theory 11 makes. But the irony is, the best cards for magic are, just an opinion of course, the everyday run of the mill (and inexpensive!) rider backs (or Elite Edition), Tally Ho, Bees, Copag, etc. That’s the wonderful thing about card magic. You don’t need the most expensive stuff to do it even at a professional level. Inexpensive cards aren’t like entry level guitars, good enough to learn on but you’ll need to step when you want to get serious. No, a set of Tally Ho cards is good enough for professionals. That’s just too cool 😎 . __________________ When you come to a fork in the road, take it!
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Yes, this is something Harry Lorayne has expressed very strongly numerous times: card magic should be able to be performed with any deck. His preference was to use a borrowed deck, regardless of the condition, because it ruled out any kind of trick deck, and in his view it made his card magic all the more convincing. To be strong, card magic most of all needs to be entertaining, because it's first and foremost about good presentation. And of course Harry himself was the quintessential entertainer and showman.
Having said that, playing cards are the tools of your trade, so it makes sense to have good quality tools where you can. As Roberto Giobbi has pointed out on more than one occasion, your cards are an extension of your hands, and they in turn are an extension of your mind. The visuals of the cards you use do make a statement, so you can opt for cards that look very "standard", or for ones that create an impression of sophistication and style. In addition the performance of the cards you use can make sleights easier or harder to perform, so you should use high quality playing cards that handle consistently and smoothly. So there are good reasons to choose a quality deck when performing card magic, and to make your choice very carefully. But give Harry Lorayne any deck, and he'll still entertain you, even if his job is that much harder courtesy of a battered and low quality deck. __________________ BoardGameGeek reviewer EndersGame - c lick here to see all my pictorial reviews: ► Playing Card Reviews ► Magic Reviews ► Board Game Reviews